A crisp becomes a CRUNCH when it exceeds the speed of sound. You make it by tearing into the food’s cell walls and bursting its contents – water in apples and carrots, air in potato chips. This sensation is pleasing because it signals freshness: the water or air has not yet leaked out. If it had the food would be more mushy, a sign that it is more likely to be old and spoiled.
A California farmer was irritated that carrots with slight imperfections, often most of his crop, could not be sold. He cut these carrots into two-inch lengths and then scraped them into a pleasing shape using a potato peeler. These “cut” baby carrots now account for a significant portion of the fresh carrot market.
Espresso has more caffeine per ounce, about twice as much concentration as drip coffee. However coffee is consumed in much higher volumes than espresso, yielding more caffeine in a cup of coffee than a shot of espresso.
Strawberries, plums, and almonds are also members of the rose family, Rosaceae. Made up of almost 5,000 herbs, shrubs, and trees, it is considered one of the most economically important crop families, behind only grass and legumes. Rosaceae includes apples, pears, almonds, peaches, apricots, plums, cherries, strawberries, raspberries, and of course, roses.